Wind resource and energy potential assessment of the Sujawal site, Sindh Pakistan, Zahid Hulio
Zahid Hussain Hulio
Dawood University of Engineering and Technology, Karachi
Purpose: The objective of this paper to assess the wind energy potential of the Sujawal site for minimizing the dependence on fossil fuels.
Design/methodology/approach: The site-specific wind shear coefficient and the turbulence model were investigated. The two-parameter, k and c, Weibull distribution function was used to analyze the wind speed of the Sujawal site. The standard deviation of the site was also assessed for a period of a year. Also, the coefficient of variation was carried out to determine the difference at each height. The wind power and energy densities were assessed for a period of a year. The economic assessment of energy/kWh was investigated for selection of appropriate wind turbine.
Findings: The mean wind shear of the Sujawal site was found to be 0.274. The mean wind speed was found to be 7.458, 6.911, 6.438 and 5.347 at 80, 60, 40 and 20 m, respectively, above the ground level (AGL). The mean values of k parameter were observed to be 2.302, 2.767, 3.026 and 3.105 at 20, 40, 60 and 80 m, respectively, for a period of a year. The Weibull c m/s parameter values were found to be 8.415, 7.797, 7.265 and 6.084 m/s at 80, 60, 40 and 20 m, respectively. The mean values of standard deviation were found to be 0.765, 0.737, 0.681 and 0.650 at 20, 40, 60, and 80 m, respectively. The mean wind power density (W/m2) was found to be 287.33, 357.16, 405.16 and 659.58 for 20, 40, 60 and 80 m, respectively. The economic assessment showed that wind turbine 7 had the minimum cost/kWh US$ 0.0298.
Originality/value: The Sujawal site is suitable for installing the utility wind turbines for energy generation at the lowest cost; hence, a sustainable solution.
Keywords: Weibull distribution function; Wind speed; Wind power density; Energy density; Economic analysis.
Citation: Hulio, Z.H. (2020), "Wind resource and energy potential assessment of the Sujawal site, Sindh Pakistan", World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, Vol. 18 No. 1, pp. 20-43. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJSTSD-02-2020-0016