Green synthesis of calcium oxide nanoparticles at different calcination temperatures, Sofiya Bano and Sandhya Pillai
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to prepare calcium oxide (CaO) nanoparticles by green synthesis technique and study its structural, morphological and optical properties. The prepared samples were calcined at, 200°C, 300°C and 500°C, and the variation in the properties at different temperatures were investigated.
Design/methodology/approach: Green approach has been used in the present work to synthesise the CaO nanoparticles using Murraya Koenigii leaf (curry leaves) extract as a capping agent. This technique involves the use of nontoxic reagents and natural products derived from various parts of plants.
Findings: Studies reveal that CaO nanoparticles with good optical properties can be synthesized successfully by green approach. The optical absorbance spectra show a broad absorption peak around 400–500 nm. FTIR studies confirm the presence of different functional groups that help in the stabilization of CaO nanoparticles. PL emission spectra show a high intensity emission peak at around 231 nm in addition to peaks at 375 nm and 400 nm. XRD studies show planes of CaO cubic phase. SEM images show a nonuniform distribution of spherical particles along with some clusters. EDX spectra confirm the presence of calcium and oxygen.
Practical implications: CaO nanoparticles have wide applications in optical devices as well as in phototherapy. It is thus interesting to devise new and eco-friendly techniques to synthesise these nanoparticles to suit these applications.
Originality/value: This work would provide a new insight into the preparation of different metal oxide nanoparticles by a very simple and cost-effective green technique without the use of toxic reagents.
Keywords: CaO nanoparticles; Green approach; Capping agents; Murraya koenigii leaf extract.
Citation: Bano, S. and Pillai, S. (2020), "Green synthesis of calcium oxide nanoparticles at different calcination temperatures", World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, Vol. 17 No. 3, pp. 283-295. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJSTSD-12-2019-0087