[ 12th September 2022 by Jiayu Zhang 0 Comments ]

The prevalence of anaemia among Saudi school girls: a comparison of two techniques, Dr. Elham Aljaaly and Dr. Nahlaa Khalifa

Dr. Elham Abbas Aljaaly, Dr. Nahlaa Khalifa
Department of Clinical Nutrition,Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences
King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah
Saudi Arabia
Email: ealjaaly@kau.edu.sa

DOI: 10.1108/WJSTSD-12-2015-0056

Purpose: Continuous integration of health screens to investigate and track variations in the students' healthiness over time is essential. However, the sustainability of this practice remains challenging. The purpose of this paper is to identify the prevalence of anaemia based on haemoglobin (Hb) estimation among Saudi school girls in Jeddah city by examining capillary and venous blood.
Design/methodology/approach: The design is investigative, using primary data to define the prevalence of anaemia based on two techniques. Samples of venous (n=408) and capillary (n=797) blood from Saudi school girls in Jeddah city was collected and compared using: Reflotron Plus System method (capillary blood) and ABX MICROS 60-OT Automated Haematology Analyser for (venous blood).
Findings: When the capillary blood was used, the prevalence of anaemia was 40 per cent (n=319 out of 797). Using the venous blood, the prevalence was 29.4 per cent (n=120 out of 408). Comparison of Hb data for both tests showed a significant difference in Hb levels with levels between the 10g and 12 g/dl particularly and both measurements demonstrated good agreement (ICC=0.87, 95 per cent CI (0.845, 0.892)).
Research limitations/implications: The data were collected only in Jeddah city. Further studies should include a national sample that is representative of both gender from different backgrounds and geographical areas in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Practical implications: The high prevalence of anaemia within the school girls’ population require decision makers to devise a set of maintainable projects to progress students’ general health, including health education and supplementation such as iron, particularly if anaemia is diagnosed to be nutrition-related. This particularly applied to the health centres at female schools that have anaemia screening programmes that going on in Saudi schools.
Originality/value: This study reveals a technique-based measures of anaemia prevalence that have public and practical health implications.
Keywords: Saudi Arabia; Anaemia; Capillary; Haemoglobin; School girls; Venous blood.
Citation: Aljaaly, E.A. and Khalifa, N.A. (2016), "The prevalence of anaemia among Saudi school girls: a comparison of two techniques", World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, Vol. 13 No. 2, pp. 82-88. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJSTSD-12-2015-0056


WJSTSD V13 N2 2016 Aljaaly_Khalifa.PDF
WJSTSD V13 N2 2016 Aljaaly_Khalifa.PDF
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