[ 4th November 2023 by allam ahmed 0 Comments ]

Indonesian health and environment: between challenges and hope, Dr Niko Hidayat, Dr Mega Puteri

Dr Niko Hidayat and Dr Mega Puteri
WUACD University of Airlangga
Indonesia
 E-mail address ; niko-a-h@fk.unair.ac.id  

Abstract

The relationship between health and the environment in Indonesia is a multifaceted and crucial aspect of the nation's well-being. Indonesia, as a vast archipelago with diverse ecosystems, faces unique challenges in managing the intricate interplay between its environment and the health of its population. This article provides an overview of the complex dynamics and interdependencies between health and the environment in Indonesia. The method used in this article is literature study. Literature study conducted by the author is to find written sources in the form of journal articles, books, and documents that are relevant to the problem under study. Indonesia's geographical diversity encompasses tropical rainforests, marine ecosystems, and volcanic landscapes, which are integral to the nation's culture, economy, and public health. However, the rapid pace of development, deforestation, pollution, and climate change pose significant threats to these ecosystems, directly affecting the health of its citizens. Environmental issues such as air pollution, water contamination, the spread of vector-borne diseases, and the health consequences of natural disasters are pressing concerns. Vulnerable communities, particularly indigenous populations, bear a disproportionate burden of the health impacts resulting from environmental degradation. Government initiatives, policies, and community-driven efforts aim to address these challenges, with a focus on sustainable development, conservation, and public health. Collaborative research, data collection, and cross-sector partnerships are essential to understanding and mitigating the health and environmental issues faced by Indonesia. This article highlights the need for a holistic approach to address the complex interplay between Indonesian health and the environment. It underscores the importance of balancing economic development with environmental preservation and the promotion of public health. The lessons learned in this context have broader implications for regions facing similar challenges, making Indonesia's experience a valuable case study for global environmental and health discussions.

Keywords: Health-Environment Relationship, Indonesia's Geographical Diversity, Sustainable Development.

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