[ 13th September 2022 by Jiayu Zhang 0 Comments ]

Efficacy of the bioagents Bacillus isolates and Trichoderma spp. in the control of wilt/root-rot disease in chickpea, Dr. Hanan Mudawi and Dr. Mohamed Idris

Dr. Hanan Ibrahim Mudawi
The Environmental, Natural Resources and Desertification Research Institute, National Centre for Research
Ministry of High Education, Khartoum
Email: hananmodawi@gmail.com
Dr. Mohamed Osman Idris
Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture
Khartoum University, Khartoum

DOI: 10.1108/WJSTSD-10-2015-0051

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the ability of four microorganisms to reduce disease infection of root lesion nematode (Pratylenchus spp.) and Fusarium spp. the causal agent of wilt/root-rot disease complex in chickpea.
Design/methodology/approach: A pot experiment was conducted for three consecutive winter seasons. A completely randomized design with five replicates was adopted. Two Bacillus isolates and Trichoderma harzianum and T. viride and their combinations were applied in infected soil. The effect on plant growth parameters, disease incidence and severity, root necrosis, weight of shoot and root, nematode population density and reproductive index were assessed.
Findings: The applications significantly (p=0.05) reduced the wilt/root-rot diseases complex. The reduction was attributed to the decline of the population density of nematodes in soil and root, and the suppression of the disease complex compared to controls, represented by reproductive index and the disease intensity index. Combinations were better than individual inoculation. The use of Bacillus isolate B3 and T. harzianum increased the number of flowers by 88.34 per cent. Reduction in the severity of root necrosis was in the range of 2.22-5.55 within a scale of 1-10. These findings indicate the significance of utilizing local bioagents for control of wilt/root-rot disease complex in chickpea plants.
Originality/value: The microorganisms used in this study are indigenous.
Keywords: Biocontrol; Bacillus spp; Cicer arietinum L; Fusarium spp; Pratylenchus spp; Trichoderma spp.
Citation: Mudawi, H.I. and Idris, M.O. (2015), "Efficacy of the bioagents Bacillus isolates and Trichoderma spp. in the control of wilt/root-rot disease in chickpea", World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, Vol. 12 No. 4, pp. 303-314. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJSTSD-10-2015-0051

WJSTSD V12 N4 2015 Mudawi_Idris.pdf
WJSTSD V12 N4 2015 Mudawi_Idris.pdf
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