Scope of policy convergence approach to freshwater management in rural Jharkhand: A review of public policy, Dr. Nafisa Sanga and Rajeev Ranjan
Dr. Nafisa Priti Sanga
Welfare Department, Government of Jharkhand
Jharkhand Tribal Development Society, Ranchi
Rajeev Kumar Ranjan
Department: Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India, DRDA
East Singhbhum District Collectorate, Jamshedpur
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study Indian aspects of policy convergence in the context of budgetary linkage of two nationalized flagship programs – Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) and Integrated Watershed Management Program (IWMP). Therefore, in lieu of inter-departmental convergences; issues related to water resource development of Jharkhand' s (India) rain-fed areas were addressed.
Design/methodology/approach: Centered on policy convergence strategy, present study applied comprehensive review and analysis approach for formulation of research base. A conceptual framework was thus designed for analytical purposes and therefore advancing toward conjectural knowledge base.
Findings: Application of inter-departmental policy convergence strategy suggested ample opportunities for optimal water resource development. Presence of abundant wage labor, rich indigenous water management techniques, tested replicable models, under-harvested rainwater potential, etc., appeared as catalysts of policy convergence. Yet, State’s lack of inter-departmental coordination and grass-root institutional framework will continually challenge policy convergences in absence of good governance.
Originality/value: An initiative of Indian government; MGNREGA has received international attention due to its wider coverage including natural resource management, besides guaranteed wage employment. Targeted at freshwater management discourse of Jharkhand; present paper reviewed prospective inter-departmental policy convergence strategy within various arena of MGNREGA, by exploring associated scopes and challenges. Similarly for cost effectiveness, related to maintenance and lift-irrigation demands of rain-fed area development; the present study suggested optimum utilization of inter-departmental funding linkages for development of sustainable water resources.
Keywords: Freshwater harvest; Policy convergence; Public expenditure; Rain-fed areas; Rural Jharkhand; Watershed management.
Citation: Sanga, N.P. and Ranjan, R.K. (2015), "Scope of policy convergence approach to freshwater management in rural Jharkhand: A review of public policy", World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, Vol. 12 No. 2, pp. 129-147. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJSTSD-09-2014-0027