Internationalisation of SMEs: does entrepreneurial orientation matter?, Mohammed Ngoma, Abaho Ernest, Sudi Nangoli and Kusemererwa Christopher
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate entrepreneurial orientation (EO) as a predictor of internationalisation of small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The key research question is “to what extent do the dimensions of EO (innovativeness, proactiveness and risk taking) predict internationalisation of SMEs?”
Design/methodology/approach: The study adopts a cross-sectional survey to collect data from 282 SMEs, with the use of a multi-dimensional self-administered questionnaire. All the measures in this study were adopted from existing instruments from previous studies and all showed a CVI above 0.8. Data were analysed quantitatively using descriptive statistics, correlations and hierarchical regression. The nature and strength of the relationships between the variables was tested using the zero-order bivariate correlation analysis.
Findings: The study establishes a significant relationship between the dimensions of EO and internationalisation of SMEs.
Research limitations/implications: This paper contributes to the corpus of literature on internationalisation of SMEs. Future research should consider the major constructs from a longitudinal point of view given that cross-sectional studies sometimes fail to examine the interaction effect of the variables.
Practical implications: The paper illustrates how EO dimensions can influence an entrepreneur’s decision to go international especially handling the process of internationalisation and its dynamics.
Originality/value: The paper provides contextual evidence from a developing country to the effect that as local investors get more inclined to EO, they in the process ease their way to joining the international business arena.
Keywords: SMEs; Innovativeness; Strategy; Internationalisation; Risk taking; Proactiveness.
Citation: Ngoma, M., Ernest, A., Nangoli, S. and Christopher, K. (2017), "Internationalisation of SMEs: does entrepreneurial orientation matter?", World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, Vol. 13 No. 2, pp. 96-113. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJEMSD-08-2016-0039