Asia Pacific productivity development determinants, Prof. Elsadig Ahmed and Rahim Kialashki
Prof. Elsadig Musa Ahmed
Faculty of Business
Multimedia University, Melaka
Faculty of Management
Multimedia University, CyberJaya
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to measure the factors determining the productivity development in the Asia Pacific countries such as Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore, Philippines, Thailand, China, Japan, Korea, India, Australia and New Zealand.
Design/methodology/approach: The extensive growth theory that is expressed as the decomposition of the contribution of changes in employment, physical capital, foreign direct investment (FDI), human capital (HC), telecommunications investment and total factor productivity (TFP) growth on the selected Asia-Pacific countries’ output growth is used in this study. In this respect, an annual time series data over the period 1970-2012 for the aforementioned variables are employed.
Findings: The study found that the FDI spillover effects through the TFP are considered as productivity-driven economic growth in which the FDI spillover effects have significant effect on the productivity growth of the majority of these countries. It should be noted that most of these countries showed technological progress through the FDI spillover effects that is translated into a form of technology transfer and HC skills development.
Originality/value: This study empirically compared the FDI spillover effects on sustainable productivity growth of the most growing countries in the Asia Pacific region by using modified extensive growth theory that closed the gaps in the past studies and addressed the issues of technology transfer, HC development and sustainable productivity growth brought by the technical progress in these countries through the FDI spillover effects on productivity growth.
Keywords: Business; FDI spillover effects; Asia Pacific; Sustainable productivity growth.
Citation: Ahmed, E.M. and Kialashki, R. (2017), "Asia Pacific productivity development determinants", World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, Vol. 13 No. 1, pp. 57-64. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJEMSD-01-2016-0002