The Nutritional Status of Inpatient Drug Addicts and The Impact of Medical Nutrition Therapy (MNT) Intervention on Recovery, Dr. Nahlaa Khalifa
Dr. Nahlaa A. Khalifa
Assistant Professor, Clinical Nutrition Department, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to overview the literature about the nutritional status of drug addicts and the effect of medical nutrition therapy (MNT) intervention and nutrition education on recovery.
Methodology: The literature was obtained through searching library databases (MEDLINE /PubMed, PsycINFO, Agricola and EMBASE). It is a summary of both conceptual and empirically published literature on drug addiction and nutrition intervention.
Outcomes: Addicts were found to be malnourished, macro- and micro-nutrient deficient. MNT improved the recovery. Personalised nutrition counselling and inclusive nutrition education programmes increase recovery chances, and are positively related to drug abuse treatment programme outcomes.
Practical Implication: Nutritional education and MNT intervention will enhance the detoxification process, speed recovery and lessens the hospitalisation period of addict patients and the economic burden upon governments. More dietitians will be employed at addiction hospitals
Social Implications: To create a productive, healthy lifestyle by managing the addiction healing process.
Originality and Value: This paper examines and emphasises the key role of MNT intervention and nutritional education in the detoxification process, incorporating dieticians in drug rehabilitation programmes.
Keywords: Addiction, Nutrition, Therapy, Recovery, Detoxification, Intervention, Dietitian.