Food security in Sudan: the case of Kassala state, Prof. Samia Nour and Dr. Eltayeb Abdalla
Prof. Samia Satti Osman Mohamed Nour
Department of Economics, Faculty of Economic and Social Studies
University of Khartoum, Khartoum
Dr. Eltayeb Mohamedain Abdalla
Department of Economics
University of Kassala, Kassala
Purpose: Different from the previous studies in the Sudanese literature, this study aims to examine the incidence and of food security, the variation in households' food insecurity between localities and the adaptation and survival strategy in Kassala State as a case study of Eastern Sudan.
Design/methodology/approach: This paper uses the measurement of Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) and uses new primary data from a Food Security Household Survey in Kassala State (2019) and uses the descriptive analysis to discuss the measurement of HFIAS, the incidence of food security, the variation in households' food insecurity between localities and the adaptation and survival strategy in Kassala State.
Findings: The authors find that the majority of household (77%) are food-insecure of various degrees, with 32.9% being severely food-insecure, while some households are food-secure (23%). The authors find support for their hypothesis that there will be variation in households' food insecurity between localities that most probably relate to variation in the distribution of monthly income between localities. In particular, the authors find that most households in rural areas are severely food-insecure.
Originality/value: This paper provides a significant contribution to the Sudanese and international literature because it discusses the incidence of food insecurity in Sudan. Different from the two other accompanying papers that focused on the determinants of food security in Kassala State using the measurement of HFIAS and determinants of production of food and consumption of food in Kassala State, this paper focuses on the incidence of food security in Kassala State using the measurement of HFIAS.
Keywords: Food security; Regional discrepancy; Poverty; Inequality; Sudan; Kassala.
Citation: Mohamed Nour, S.S.O. and Abdalla, E.M. (2021), "Food security in Sudan: the case of Kassala state", World Journal of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development, Vol. 18 No. 4, pp. 474-493. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJSTSD-10-2020-0083