[ 26th September 2022 by Xiaorui Chen 0 Comments ]

Examining the influence of social capital on rural women entrepreneurship: An empirical study in Iran, Leila Vosta and Dr. Mohammad Jalilvand

Leila Nasrolahi Vosta
Faculty of Social Sciences
University of Tehran, Tehran
Dr. Mohammad Reza Jalilvand
Faculty of New Sciences and Technologies
University of Tehran, Tehran
Institute for Planning and Economic Research, Tehran
Email: rezajalilvand@ut.ac.ir

DOI: 10.1108/WJEMSD-10-2013-0054

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to study the empirical assessment of the influence of social capital on women entrepreneurship in rural regions in Iran.
Design/methodology/approach: The study involves a questionnaire-based survey of entrepreneurial women from a number of rural regions in the Iran. A total of 265 usable questionnaires were received from rural women who were engaged in entrepreneurial activities from five rural regions. These were subjected to a series of correlational and regression analyses. The measures of the independent (the components of social capital) and dependent (the psychological traits of entrepreneurs) variables are based on literature.
Findings: The results reveal that social capital has a positive and significant influence on rural women entrepreneurship. With strong statistical significance, three social capital factors – structural, relational, and cognitive – provide an explanation for variations in psychological traits of entrepreneurs including achievement, innovation, personal control, self-esteem, opportunism, autonomy/independence, and risk/uncertainty.
Originality/value: Although the literature has long pointed out the importance of social capital as a determinant of entrepreneurship activity, entrepreneurship researchers have not focussed on the influence of each dimension of social capital on psychological traits of entrepreneurs. Thus, this study makes a contribution toward filling this gap.
Keywords: Social capital; Iran; Women entrepreneurship; Psychological traits; Rural region.
Citation: Nasrolahi Vosta, L. and Reza Jalilvand, M. (2014), "Examining the influence of social capital on rural women entrepreneurship : An empirical study in Iran", World Journal of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, Vol. 10 No. 3, pp. 209-227. https://doi.org/10.1108/WJEMSD-10-2013-0054


WJEMSD V10 N3 2014 Vosta_Jalilvand.pdf
WJEMSD V10 N3 2014 Vosta_Jalilvand.pdf
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