(pp.021-036) D. D. O. Sampaio and M. Gosling ‘Consumers of organic food and sustainable development in Brazil’, World Sustainable Development Outlook, 2013
DANILO DE OLIVEIRA SAMPAIO, FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF JUIZ DE FORA (UFJF), BRAZIL
MARLUSA GOSLING, FEDERAL UNIVERSITY OF MINAS GERAIS (UFMG), BRAZIL
Purpose: The objective of this research was to investigate the reasons why the Brazilian consumer of organic foods chooses this type of food in the retail sector, considering sustainable development.
Design/methodology/approach: This was a descriptive study including an exploratory
phase. Regarding the methods of research, two focus groups were developed in the qualitative phase, and then Structural Equation Modelling was used by means of a cross-sectional survey in a quantitative design. The sample was non-probabilistic, intentionally non-random, for convenience and accessibility (n = 560). Organic food consumers were addressed in different types of food retail: supermarkets, restaurants and specialised retailers.
Findings: Only one of twelve hypotheses was not confirmed. The focus groups provided important information for the development of the questionnaire used in the survey. The endogenous construct, Intent to purchase, showed a correlation coefficient of 41% (R2 = 41%), indicating that 41% of their variations are explained by the exogenous constructs. It can be considered that one of the academic contributions of this research was to develop a model that will drive how the purchasing behaviour/consumption of organic food in Brazil occurs.
Practical implications: Considering the results of the variables of this research, retailers can create advertising campaigns that have an appreciation for the environment and quality of product and availability (logistics) in relation to organic food as the message content, because these variables can motivate the purchase. It is also suggested that the layout of the sales area in the retail premises highlights the organic food on the shelves, and the retailer’s job could define the associations to the brands of organic foods, focusing on health and well-being.
Originality/value: As in Brazil there is little information on the behaviour of organic food consumers, the creation of a new model will assist entrepreneurs in their strategies and highlights a type of food that meets the principles of sustainability.
Keywords: Brazil, Sustainable development, Consumer behaviour, Organic food, Structural model, Healthcare, Retail
Paper type: Research paper